In Vitro Fertilization (Test-Tube Baby)

The main purpose of life is to maintain the generation. All from the most primitive to the most advanced creatures live by acting according to this principle. There are millions of families who cannot have children for various reasons in the world. There can be numerous reasons of infertility. But, it is no longer possible that everyone has children thanks to the medical methods. Besides infertility therapeutic method, it can include that egg and sperm are fertilized in a controlled environment. This method is known as in vitro fertilization and increase the possibility of being pregnant at the rate of %40-45.

In Vitro Fertilization Method

Test-tube baby treatment has various methods. The most known of these methods is In Vitro Fertilization. It depends on that it is provided the reproduction by fertilizing egg and sperm in a non-living and controlled environment. After egg and sperm are fertilized in laboratory environment, embryo is placed in mother’s womb after about 3-5 days and growing continues here.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer

This method isn’t any longer preferred. In this method, sperm and egg cells are fertilized in woman’s fallopian tube. 

Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer

There is a small difference between this method and In Vitra Fertilization. In this method, embryo created in a laboratory environment is placed in mother’s womb the day after. It is one of the methods which are not preferred. 

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

This is an assisted reproductive technology used to treat sperm-related infertility problems. In case that men have a very low/zero sperm count or poor sperm quality. Selected sperm is injected in egg cell in a special way.

In Vitro Maturation

It is used for female infertility caused by maturation problems in the ovaries. This treatment is based on the maturation of the eggs in vitro. So, egg cells which have capacity of fertilization are obtained. But this method has a lower success chance than an egg cell maturated in a normal way. 

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